Infertility – Men & Women

If you are experiencing infertility, you are not alone. Recent statistics indicate that about 2.1 million married couples experience infertility, and 6.1 million women between the ages of 15 to 44 have an impaired ability to have children. Studies have also found that 9.2 million women made use of infertility services at some time in their life. Because fertility issues are so prominent, it is important to understand infertility, its causes and risk factors


What is infertility?

Infertility is defined as the inability to become pregnant after a year or more of sperm insemination or well-timed, unprotected vaginal intercourse. Infertility may be a temporary or a permanent condition; this depends on the available treatments, the cause, and the fertility of the partner at any particular point in time.

Infertility is often incorrectly considered “the woman’s problem”. To improve the couple’s chances of conception a child together, both the man and the woman should be evaluated, and treated, if necessary, A complicated process, conception depends upon many factors:

  • ability of the fertilized egg (embryo) to become implanted in the woman’s uterus
  • a good quality embryo
  • production of healthy sperm by the man and healthy eggs by the woman
  • sperm’s ability to reach the egg
  • sperm’s ability to fertilize the egg when they meet
  • unblocked fallopian tubes that allow the sperm to reach the egg

Causes of infertility

There are many potential causes for infertility or reproductive problems. Chronic illnesses, as well as their treatments, can lead to fertility problems. Illnesses like diabetes and hypothyroidism can cause fertility problems. Insulin, antidepressants, and thyroid hormones may lead to irregular menstrual cycles, for example. Or medication used to treat peptic ulcers or hypertension can cause male factor infertility, including problems with sperm production or their ability to fertilize the egg. Furthermore, cancer treatments can lead to fertility problems, especially radiation therapy near the reproductive organs. Finally, STDs might cause infertility. Some sexually transmitted diseases can block the fallopian tubes, making pregnancy either impossible or putting a woman at risk for ectopic pregnancy.

Causes of infertility in women

Most cases of infertility in women arise from problems with ovulation. Without ovulation, there are no eggs to be fertilized. Irregular or absent menstrual periods are some signs that a woman is not ovulating normally. For example, birth control pills might temporarily alter female sex hormone production, which can take some time to restore after a woman stops birth control pills. This problem is usually temporary, but might take longer than the woman wants. Less common causes of fertility problems in women include:

  • blocked fallopian tubes due to pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or surgery for an ectopic pregnancy
  • physical problems with the uterus
  • uterine fibroids


Causes of infertility in men

Sometimes a man is born with problems affecting his sperm. Other times problems arise due to illness or injury. For example, cystic fibrosis frequently causes infertility in men. Infertility in men is most often caused by:

  • problems making sperm — producing too few sperm or none at all
  • problems with the sperm’s ability to reach the egg and fertilize it — abnormal sperm shape or structure prevent it from moving correctly


Risk factors

Women – many things can affect a woman’s ability to become pregnant or give birth. These include:

  • Age
  • Alcohol
  • Athletic training
  • Being overweight or underweight
  • Health problems that cause hormonal changes
  • Medications
  • Poor diet
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
  • Stress
  • Tobacco smoking


Men – overall health and lifestyle can affect the number and quality of a man’s sperm. Some things that may reduce sperm number and/or quality include:

  • Age
  • Alcohol
  • Cancer radiation treatment and chemotherapy
  • Drugs
  • Environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
  • Health problems
  • Medicines
  • Smoking cigarettes

With all the causes of Infertility there is also Symptoms very good treatment available with very outstanding results

Read :Symptoms and Treatment Of Male and Female Infertility

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